Working behind the scenes: 10 x 3’ EnglishJune 2015
The Geneva Conventions govern conduct in armed conflicts.
They are intended to protect civilians, prisoners of war, the wounded and those who help them.
Sexual Violence (Youssef Wehbeh - Geneva Call)
The Hazm, the main armed movement of the Syrian secular opposition, pledged in 2014 to ensure that none of its fighters used sexual violence.
A representative of the NGO Geneva Call, Youssef Wehbeh, led the negotiations with the armed group.
Child soldiers (Mehmet Balci - Geneva Call)
In 2014 the YPG, the main Syrian Kurdish militia, made a commitment not to recruit children as fighters.
Mehmet Balci, of the NGO Geneva Call, led the negotiations with the group.
Reuniting families (Coline Rapneau, ICRC)
In 2009, in eastern Congo, young Shukuru had to flee his village. He was reunited with his family seven months later. ICRC delegate Coline Rapneau worked to make that family reunion possible.
Protecting children (Katherine Kramer, Geneva Call)
In 2013, the Karen Liberation Army, one of the main armed groups in Myanmar, pledged not to recruit children.
Katherine Kramer, a representative of the NGO Geneva Call, led the negotiations with the group.
Protecting civilians (Abraham Doblado - ICRC)
In 2013, one armed group formally declared it would respect civilians and humanitarian workers, during periods of what is called “Paro armado.”
ICRC delegate, Abraham Doblado led the negotiations with that armed group.
Prisoners of War (Reto Meister - ICRC)
During the Iran - Iraq war, between 1980 and 1990, the ICRC visited and protected prisoners of war in both Iraq and Iran.
Reto Meister, an ICRC delegate at that time, visited prisoner of war camps in Iraq.
Anti-personnel mines (Pascal Bongard - Geneva Call)
The Polisario Front, the independence movement in Western Sahara, made a commitment in November 2005, to renounce the use of anti-personnel mines.
Pascal Bongard, with the NGO Geneva Call led the negotiations with the armed group.
International Criminal Court (Pascal Turlan - ICC)
In 2012, Thomas Lubanga, former leader of the Union of Congolese Patriots, was sentenced by the International Criminal Court to 14 years in prison.
Pascal Turlan, advisor to the ICC prosecutor’s office, took part in the investigation of Thomas Lubanga.
Humanitarian assistance (Dennis Mcnamara - HDCentre)
In 2008, the Sudan Liberation Movement agreed to let UN agencies into the territory it controlled.
A representative of the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Dennis McNamara, led the negotiations with the armed group.
Cluster bombs (Thomas Nash - Cluster Munition Coalition)
In 2008 in Oslo, 94 states pledged to ban cluster bombs. 116 countries have now signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Thomas Nash headed the campaign against them.
Continent(s):Europe / Africa / Asia Pacific / South America /
Topic(s):Development / Education / Humanitarian / Post-conflict / Refugees / Human rights / Politics / Violence /
Audio:English, Arabic, French
Duration:10 x 3 minutes
Location(s):Syria, DRC, Myanmar, Lebanon, Western Sahara, Darfur, Iraq, Colombia
Associates:Swiss Confederation, Republic and Canton of Geneva, Geneva City, Fondation pour Genève